Pattern of vigorous exercise, housework, walking, less TV linked to lower risk for stroke

April 13 ,2024

Overview:Physical activity patterns dominated by vigorous exercise, housework or walking lowered stroke risk, whereas patterns with greater commuting or TV watching increased that risk, according to a prospective cohort study published in Stroke.“Prior studies have examined the relationship between activity items and incident stroke,” Zhi Cao, PhD, from the School of Public Health at Hangzhou Normal University in Hangzhou, China, and colleagues wrote. “In accordance with our findings, previous studies showed that adherence to high-level specific physical activity was associated with more

‘A burgeoning field:’ How clinicians are addressing their patients’ growing social needs

April 12 ,2024

Overview:Building community partnerships, having community specialists within a care team and using screening tools are all necessary steps to identifying and addressing social needs, according to experts.Previous research has shown that adverse social determinants of health (SDOH) can lead to negative health outcomes such as higher odds of ED use and CVD mortality.Efforts to address SDOH in clinical settings “is a relatively burgeoning field,” Mary Catherine E. Arbour, MD, MPH, an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and medical director of the social care team at more

VIDEO: Pamela S. Douglas, MD, highlights need for diversity in clinical trials leadership

April 12 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — In this Healio video exclusive, Pamela S. Douglas, MD, MACC, FASE, FAHA, discusses an American College of Cardiology initiative created to increase diversity and equity in clinical trials research leadership.Women and people from traditionally underrepresented backgrounds remain less represented in research leadership and there is a great need for education, mentorship, professional development and mentoring, Douglas, the Ursula Geller Professor of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases at Duke University and past president of the ACC, said during the ACC Scientific Session. The more

Gestational hypertension may predict maternal neurocognitive decline later in life

April 12 ,2024

Overview:Among Hispanic women, gestational hypertension was associated with decreased processing speed and executive functioning after age 45 years, according to results of an analysis published in Obstetrics & Gynecology.“Women who experienced gestational hypertension during pregnancy showed decreased processing speed/executive functioning later in life, suggesting that gestational hypertension may be an independent risk factor for maternal cognitive decline later in life,” Shathiyah Kulandavelu, PhD, research assistant professor in the department of pediatrics at the more

Team-based telehealth approach improves medication use in high-risk patients with diabetes

April 11 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — A remote, team-based approach with immediate initiation of necessary medications improved guideline-directed medical therapy use at 6 months for patients with diabetes at high CV or renal risk, researchers reported.For the DRIVE trial, presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session and simultaneously published in Circulation, Alexander J. Blood, MD, MSc, FACC, associate director for the Accelerator for Clinical Transformation and attending physician in cardiovascular medicine and critical care at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Newton-Wellesley more

Text messages promoting forgiveness, gratitude may improve blood pressure

April 11 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Among adults with mild to moderate hypertension, receiving text messages designed to cultivate spirituality was associated with an average 7 mm Hg decrease in systolic BP compared with no intervention, researchers reported.“We know a lot about diseases and their mechanisms and how to treat with medications. We know about life habits and their influences on hypertension, but something is missing,” Maria Emilia Figueiredo Teixeira, MD, PhD, FESC, cardiologist in the hypertension unit of the Medical School of Federal University of Goiás, Brazil, told Healio. “We more

Telehealth care teams could reduce unnecessary readmissions after acute coronary syndrome

April 10 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Telehealth visits with CV care teams initiated when patients with prior ACS experienced concerning symptoms reduced unnecessary readmissions, guided them when seeking emergency care and reduced CV events, a speaker reported.The results of the TELE-ACS trial were presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session and simultaneously published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.“Our hypothesis is a novel telemonitoring system-based algorithm would reduce hospital readmissions for patients post-ACS by using well-validated technologies more

Monthly PCSK9 inhibitor cuts cholesterol by half on top of statin, ezetimibe therapy

April 10 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — An investigational monthly PCSK9 inhibitor cut LDL cholesterol by more than 50% at 1 year among adults with CVD or with very high risk, in addition to background statin and ezetimibe therapy, researchers reported.The LIBerate-HR study also showed that lerodalcibep (LIB003, LIB Therapeutics) was associated with “robust” reductions in all atherogenic lipids and lipoproteins, with more than 90% of patients able to achieve new European Society of Cardiology cholesterol guideline targets at the end of the study, Eric Klug, MBBCh, associate professor at the University of more

Pulmonary arterial hypertension characteristics, mortality vary across US

April 10 ,2024

Overview:Among adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension, patient characteristics, mortality and treatment varied across four U.S. census regions, according to results published in Annals of the American Thoracic Society.“We found differences between regions, which was not at all unexpected,” Peter J. Leary, MD, PhD, director of the pulmonary vascular disease program at the University of Washington, told Healio. “The next steps moving forward will be to try and unpack this regional variation to better understand whether there are modifiable differences that can be addressed to help more

State out-of-pocket insulin caps decrease costs

April 09 ,2024

Overview:Insulin out-of-pocket caps were associated with reduced insulin costs but not increased insulin use, according to a study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.Laura F. Garabedian, PhD, MPH, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School, and colleagues noted that since 2020, 25 states have capped insulin out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses at $25 to $100 for a 30-day supply for those enrolled in commercial health plans.“Data about the effectiveness of state insulin caps can inform state and federal policymaking, but the effect of state insulin caps on OOP costs and use among more

Anxiety, depression may accelerate heart disease risk, especially for younger women

April 09 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Younger women with a diagnosis of anxiety or depression are at markedly higher risk for developing conditions that increase CVD risk, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, researchers reported.The findings were presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session.“Anxiety and depression increase the risk for CVDs such as heart attack and stroke, partly through the accelerated development of CV risk factors, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes,” Giovanni Civieri, MD, cardiologist and research fellow at Massachusetts General more

Plozasiran lowers triglycerides for 48 weeks in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia

April 09 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Plozasiran provided sustained reduction in triglycerides, apolipoprotein C-III and remnant cholesterol out to 48 weeks for patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia, a speaker reported.The final results of the SHASTA-2 trial of plozasiran, formerly ARO-APOC3 (Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals), were presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session and simultaneously published in JAMA Cardiology.“In severe hypertriglyceridemia therapy, the goal is to reduce triglyceride levels below the threshold of pancreatitis risk. ... Severe hypertriglyceridemia is defined more

Salt substitution reduces mortality, cardiovascular events, studies suggest

April 08 ,2024

Overview:Salt substitution may reduce the risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and it may also reduce the risk for major cardiovascular events, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.However, the associations were based on low- or even very low-certainty evidence, and the effect may be stronger in certain populations, researchers said.“We had heard of salt substitutes as a promising method of reducing cardiovascular events and deaths but noticed that previous studies focused on shorter term follow-up, and we were aware that new [randomized more

Routine use of Impella CP for STEMI-related cardiogenic shock confers survival benefit

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — In the DanGer-Shock trial, routine use of a microaxial flow pump, on top of standard care, led to a lower risk for death compared with standard care only for treatment of patients with STEMI and cardiogenic shock.At 180 days, death from any cause occurred in 45.8% of patients assigned to treatment with a microaxial flow pump (Impella CP, Abiomed) plus standard care as soon as STEMI-related cardiogenic shock was diagnosed compared with 58.5% of those assigned standard care only (HR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.55-0.99; P = .04). Mean number of days alive out of hospital was 82 in the pump more

Enalapril does not prevent chemotherapy-related heart damage in breast cancer, lymphoma

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Enalapril plus standard care was not superior to standard care alone for preventing cardiotoxicity in patients receiving treatment for breast cancer or lymphoma, according to new data from the PROACT trial.Results of the phase 3, randomized, open-label superiority PROACT trial of the ACE inhibitor enalapril for the prevention of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity were presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session.“Anthracyclines include drugs such as doxorubicin and epirubicin, which are commonly used in the management of breast cancer, more

TAVR noninferior to surgery in real-world lower-risk patient population

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — In a real-world population of patients with severe aortic stenosis at low or intermediate surgical risk, transcatheter aortic valve replacement was noninferior to surgery for death and stroke at 1 year, researchers reported.For the DEDICATE-DZHK6 noninferiority trial presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine, the researchers randomly assigned 1,414 patients from 38 sites in Germany with severe aortic stenosis at low or intermediate surgical risk (mean age, 74 years; 57% men; median more

Web app can help patients determine if they qualify for a statin without a prescription

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — New results from the TACTiC trial show the promise of technology to help individuals appropriately determine if they qualify for statin therapy without a prescription.“With less than half of eligible primary prevention patients receiving statins, innovative approaches to close this treatment gap are needed,” Steven E. Nissen, MD, MACC, chief academic offer in the Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute and the Lewis and Patricia Dickey Chair in Cardiovascular Medicine at Cleveland Clinic, said during a presentation at the American more

Modest, mixed BP benefits seen with alcohol-mediated renal denervation: TARGET BP-1

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — Adults with uncontrolled and treatment-resistant hypertension saw a modest reduction in 24-hour ambulatory BP with alcohol-mediated renal nerve denervation, although other mixed findings complicate the picture, researchers reported.The TARGET BP-1 trial, presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session, also showed no significant differences in office BP measures at 3 months between patients who underwent renal denervation or a sham procedure, as well as unexpectedly large BP reductions observed in the sham control group that researchers could not explain.“In more

Heart disease prevalence among former NFL players extremely common

April 08 ,2024

Overview:ATLANTA — A screening study presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session showed that there is a high prevalence of unrecognized heart disease among former National Football League players.Almost 90% of the former NFL players had hypertension despite few knowing that before the screening, and more than 60% had structural cardiac abnormalities on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), according to the results, which were simultaneously published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.The screening included former NFL players as well as coaches and family more

Partners, adult children of stroke survivors at higher risk for mental health conditions

April 08 ,2024

Overview:The risk for mental health conditions and self-harm or suicide was higher among partners and adult offspring of stroke survivors vs. the general population and family of myocardial infarction survivors, according to a study in Denmark.“Family members of stroke survivors may assume essential roles in the stroke recovery progress, often acting as informal caregivers,” Nils Skajaa, PhD, MSc, from the department of clinical epidemiology at Aarhus University, and colleagues wrote in JAMA Network Open. “Caring for loved ones after illness can be grueling and may lead to chronic more

Hello world!

February 04 ,2021

Overview:Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start writing! The post Hello world! appeared first on World Heart Federation. more

WHF to attend the WHO Executive Board meeting in January 2017

January 23 ,2017

Overview:From 23 January to 01 February 2017, the World Health Organization(WHO) will host the 140th session. From 23 January to 01 February 2017, the World Health Organization(WHO) will host the […] more